Mit Bestürzung hörten wir von dem Tode des tschechischen Dirigenten Jiří Bělohlávek, ein Gigant in seiner Zeit und ein Garant einer eigenen, eigenständigen nationalen Orchestersprache nicht nur in seiner Heimat. Viele Plattenaufnahmen zeugen von seiner Genius. Sein Tod ist ein schwerer Verlust nicht nur für seine tschechischen Zuhörer und die Tschechische Philharmonie, sondern für Musikliebhaber weltweit. Im Folgenden bringen wir eine Würdigung von der website seiner Stammorchesters, der Tschechischen Philharmonie, der wir unsere Anteilnahme versichern.
It is with deep sorrow that the Czech Philharmonic announces that last night, May 31st, the principal conductor and music director of the Czech Philharmonic Jiří Bělohlávek died after a courageous struggle with a serious illness. It is primarily to his credit that during the past five years, the Czech Philharmonic has enjoyed many extraordinary successes and has regained a place of honor in its home country and abroad – it has truly become a national orchestra, finding its way back to the stages the world’s most prestigious concert halls, and it has made a number of highly acclaimed recordings. Not only for the Czech Philharmonic, but for the entire Czech nation, the passing of Jiří Bělohlávek means the loss of both a great artist and an extraordinary human beingJiří Bělohlávek was born in Prague in 1946. His love of music became apparent at an early age, encouraged by his father, a judge, who introduced his son to an array of classical music. At the age of four, Jiří joined a children’s choir, and was soon taking piano lessons. Jiří Bělohlávek went on to learn the cello with Professor Karel Pravoslav Sádlo before continuing his studies at the Prague Conservatory and at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. It was during these years that Jiří Bělohlávek began conducting in earnest, receiving instruction from Robert Brock, Alois Klíma, Bohumír Liška and Josef Veselka.
In 1968, the legendary Rumanian conductor Sergiu Celibidache invited Jiří Bělohlávek to become his assistant, a collaboration which culminated in Bělohlávek winning the Czech Young Conductors’ Competition in 1970, as well as reaching the final of the prestigious Herbert von Karajan Conducting Competition in 1971. It was in 1970 that Bělohlávek began conducting the Czech Philharmonic to great acclaim; the start of his long relationship with the orchestra.
Jiří Bělohlávek was appointed Conductor of the Brno State Philharmonic Orchestra in 1972, a position he held until 1978. He then became Chief Conductor of the Prague Symphony Orchestra, a partnership which lasted until 1989, and Permanent Conductor of the Czech Philharmonic. Václav Neumann, the latter orchestra’s Chief Conductor (between 1968 and 1990) brought him to Berlin’s Komische Oper in 1979, where he debuted with Smetana’s The Secret. Bělohlávek went on to conduct Stravinsky’s The Rake’s Progress there in 1980.
A decade later, Jiří Bělohlávek succeeded Václav Neumann as Chief Conductor of the Czech Philharmonic. He built upon the orchestra’s already established reputation for excellence, particularly in its interpretations of Czech music, and became part of a long line of esteemed Czech conductors to direct the orchestra: Václav Talich, Rafael Kubelík, Karel Ančerl, and his immediate predecessor Václav Neumann.
In 1994, Jiří Bělohlávek founded the Prague Philharmonia, whom he directed until 2005, when he became its Conductor Laureate. Alongside his work with this ensemble, Jiří Bělohlávek has conducted the world’s major orchestras, including the Berlin Philharmonic, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Cleveland Orchestra, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, New York Philharmonic, NHK Symphony Orchestra, Philadephia Orchestra, Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden and the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, appearing at festivals including Berlin, Edinburgh, Lucerne, Montreaux, Perth, Prague, Salzburg and Tanglewood.
In 1994 Jiří Bělohlávek was named Principal Guest Conductor of the Prague National Theatre; then in 1995 he became the BBC Symphony Orchestra’s Guest Conductor, later becoming its Chief Conductor in 2006. Alongside these positions, Jiří Bělohlávek has continued his prestigious work in the world of opera, with acclaimed productions at Berlin, Covent Garden, Glyndebourne, the Metropolitan Opera in New York and many more.
In parallel with these roles, Jiří Bělohlávek has become a respected teacher of conducting. He was appointed Professor at the Prague Academy in 1997, and until 2009 was Director of the Department of Conducting. His protégés include the young Czech conductors Tomáš Hanus, Jakub Hrůša and Tomáš Netopil.
As Chairman of the Prague Spring International Music Festival, Jiří Bělohlávek consistently championed the music of Czech composers. His special affinity with the music of Bohuslav Martinů has been instrumental in bringing that master to the world’s attention, and Bělohlávek has also taken the more rarely-performed works of Dvořák, Janáček, Smetana and Suk and to new audiences. Furthermore, he has programmed pieces by Czech composers deserving of greater attention, including Foerster, Ostrčil, Slavický and Sommer.
Jiří Bělohlávek has an extensive discography, and, as the Naxos label noted: „His most outstanding recordings are those in which he leads the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, where the high calibre of orchestral execution and Bělohlávek’s deep musicianship result in performances of exceptional quality.“
In May 2012 Jiří Bělohlávek was awarded the title CBE (Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) ‘for services to music’ by the Queen Elizabeth II. In the Czech Republic he was awarded the First Grade Medal of Merit for service to the Republic.
In a much-anticipated reunion, Jiří Bělohlávek returned as Chief Conductor of the Czech Philharmonic in 2012. The outstanding musicianship of the Czech Philharmonic under Bělohlávek’s inspiring direction has made this a truly exciting collaboration. As an internationally-acclaimed conductor, Jiří Bělohlávek directed the Czech Philharmonic on the international stage, taking the orchestra forwards in music-making which has already won great acclaim, and which is sure to do so in the future. (Quelle und Fotos: Tschechische Philharmonie/ Dank an Březina Luděk)